After the results had been leaked, twenty-one scientists from the University of Oxford, the University of Arizona, the Institut für Mittelenergiephysik in Zurich, Columbia University, and the British Museum wrote in a peer-reviewed paper published in Nature in 1989: The results of radiocarbon measurements at Arizona, Oxford and Zurich yield a calibrated calendar age range with at least 95% confidence for the linen of the Shroud of Turin of AD 1260 - 1390 (rounded down/up to nearest 10 yr).
Radiometric dating is often used to determine the age of rocks, bones, and ancient artifacts.Meanwhile, ACDV (the association of plant chemistry) proposes a method that takes into account the mass of the renewable material on the total mass of the material.This method is complementary to the first ONE ; it considers, in addition to carbon, the chemical elements such as oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen.The sites of several of these earlier excavations (Pits 3, 4, 9, 13, 61, 67, and 91) may still be seen in Hancock Park. These results therefore provide conclusive evidence that the linen of the Shroud of Turin is mediaeval. The radiocarbon measurements were done, not at one laboratory, but at three highly regarded institutions. The results provide not just evidence but conclusive evidence. Finally Ray Rogers, who had accepted the carbon dating, decided to disprove a crazy explanation from what he called the lunatic fringe.